BRUNSWICK, Ga. (AP) — More than two months after a black man was fatally shot while running through a
Georgia neighborhood, the white father and son arrested in the case had their first court appearance on
charges of felony murder and aggravated assault Friday.
The investigation by local authorities had seemed stalled until this week, when a video of the Feb. 23
shooting of Ahmaud Arbery was shared widely on social media, prompting outrage across the nation.
"All that matters is what the facts tell us," Georgia Bureau of Investigation Director Vic
Reynolds said Friday, noting that his agency brought charges a day after it was brought into the case.
Reynolds said "every stone will be uncovered" in the investigation.
Addressing the question of racial intent, Reynolds noted that Georgia has no hate crime law. That has
prompted many civil rights activists to call for a federal investigation.
Arrest warrants for Gregory and Travis McMichael filed in court Friday confirmed, as the initial police
report stated, that Travis McMichael "pointed and discharged a shotgun … at Ahmaud Arbery."
But there were no new details.
In a letter to Glynn County police in early April, a prosecutor previously assigned to the case outlined
reasons he believed there was "insufficient probable cause to issue arrest warrants" in the
case. Waycross D.A. George E. Barnhill argued that the McMichaels’ actions were legal under Georgia laws
on citizen’s arrests, the open carry of guns and self-defense.
The McMichaels told police they pursued Arbery, with another person recording them on video, after
spotting him running in their neighborhood. The father and son said they thought he matched the
appearance of a burglary suspect who they said had been recorded on a surveillance camera some time
Arbery’s mother, Wanda Cooper Jones, has said she thinks her son, a former high school football player,
was just jogging in the Satilla Shores neighborhood before he was killed.
Arbery would have turned 26 on Friday, and a crowd of several hundred people, most wearing masks, sang
"Happy Birthday" in his honor outside the Glynn County Courthouse. Many expressed frustration
at the long wait before arrests were made and fears that the justice system will fail them.
"The work is just beginning," John Perry, president of the Brunswick NAACP chapter, told the
crowd. "We can’t stop now. We can’t lose focus and we’ve got to make sure the prosecution gets
Anthony Johnson, 40, said Arbery was his neighbor for about a decade. He said he wants to see the
McMichaels get the same treatment in the legal system as black defendants.
"Just arresting them, that ain’t doing nothing," Johnson said. "We want them convicted. We
want them sent to prison for life."
Gregory and Travis McMichael made their first, brief court appearances Friday afternoon.
The father and son, both wearing orange jumpsuits, appeared individually from jail on a videoconference
screen in the courtroom of Magistrate Judge Wallace Harrell. Inmates aren’t appearing in person because
of the coronavirus.
The judge spent roughly a minute reading each man his rights and the charges faced. A Superior Court
judge will have to decide whether to grant them bond.
The McMichaels spoke only when asked to confirm their names. Neither had attorneys representing them in
court. No further hearing dates were scheduled.
The felony murder charges against Gregory McMichael, 64, and Travis McMichael, 34, mean that a victim was
killed during the commission of an underlying felony, in this case aggravated assault. The charge
doesn’t require intent to kill.
A murder conviction in Georgia is automatically punishable by life in prison, either with or without the
possibility of parole. A prosecutor can also seek the death penalty in a murder case if certain
aggravating circumstances exist.
A GBI news release said the McMichaels "confronted Arbery with two firearms. During the encounter,
Travis McMichael shot and killed Arbery."
Some of the encounter was apparently recorded in two 911 calls, with a dispatcher trying to understand
"There’s a black male running down the street," the caller says.
"I just need to know what he was doing wrong," the dispatcher responds, in part.
In a second call six minutes later, someone can be heard yelling "Stop. … Dammit. Stop."
Then, after a pause, "Travis!"
Gregory McMichael retired last year as an investigator for Glynn County District Attorney Jackie Johnson;
the connection caused Johnson to recuse herself. Barnhill then got the case before recusing himself
under pressure from Arbery’s family because his son works in Johnson’s office.
Tom Durden, the outside prosecutor overseeing the case, had said he wanted a grand jury to decide whether
charges are warranted, but Georgia courts are still largely closed because of the coronavirus. Durden
said Friday that he won’t bow to public pressure from one side or another.
The leaked video shows a black man running at a jogging pace. The truck is stopped in the road ahead of
him, with one of the white men standing in the pickup’s bed and the other beside the open driver’s side
The running man attempts to pass the pickup on the passenger side, moving just beyond the truck, briefly
outside the camera’s view. A gunshot sounds, and the video shows the runner grappling with a man over
what appears to be a shotgun or rifle. A second shot can be heard, and the runner can be seen punching
the man. A third shot is fired at point-blank range. The runner staggers a few feet and falls face down.
"They did not arrest the killers of Ahmaud Arbery because they saw the video," Benjamin Crump,
an attorney for the slain man’s father, Marcus Arbery, told The Associated Press on Friday. "They
arrested the killers of Ahmaud Arbery because we saw the video, the public saw the video and it went
viral. It was shocking. People were astonished."
The outcry over the killing reached the White House, where President Donald Trump offered condolences to
Trump said Friday on Fox News Channel that he’d seen the video.
"It’s a heartbreak … very rough, rough stuff," Trump added. "Justice getting done is
what solves that problem. It’s in the hands of the governor and I’m sure he’ll do the right thing."
AP writer Kate Brumback contributed to this story from Atlanta.