Today is Tuesday, June 16, the 167th day of 2015. There are 198 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On June 16, 1955, members of Argentina’s military bombarded the Plaza de Mayo in Buenos Aires in a failed
attempt to assassinate President Juan Domingo Peron and his Cabinet, causing hundreds of civilian
deaths, the same day Peron was excommunicated by Pope Pius XII for expelling two bishops from his
country (however, the ban was effectively lifted in 1963).
On this date:
In 1567, Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle in Scotland. (She escaped almost a year
later but ended up imprisoned again.)
In 1858, accepting the Illinois Republican Party’s nomination for the U.S. Senate, Abraham Lincoln said
the slavery issue had to be resolved, declaring, "A house divided against itself cannot
In 1903, Ford Motor Co. was incorporated.
In 1911, IBM had its beginnings as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co. was incorporated in New York
In 1933, the National Industrial Recovery Act became law with President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s
signature. (The Act was later struck down by the U.S. Supreme Court.) The Federal Deposit Insurance
Corp. was founded as President Roosevelt signed the Banking Act of 1933.
In 1943, comedian Charles Chaplin, 54, married his fourth wife, 18-year-old Oona O’Neill, daughter of
playwright Eugene O’Neill, in Carpinteria, California.
In 1944, George Stinney, a 14-year-old black youth, became the youngest person to die in the electric
chair as the state of South Carolina executed him for the murders of two white girls, Betty June
Binnicker, 11, and Mary Emma Thames, 7.
In 1955, the Disney animated feature "Lady and the Tramp" had its world premiere in Chicago.
In 1963, the world’s first female space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, 26, was launched into orbit by
the Soviet Union aboard Vostok 6; she spent 71 hours in flight, circling the Earth 48 times before
In 1978, President Jimmy Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos exchanged the instruments of
ratification for the Panama Canal treaties.
In 1987, a jury in New York acquitted Bernhard Goetz of attempted murder in the subway shooting of four
youths he said were going to rob him; however, Goetz was convicted of illegal weapons possession. (In
1996, a civil jury ordered Goetz to pay $43 million to one of the persons he’d shot.)
In 1999, Vice President Al Gore formally opened his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
Kathleen Ann Solia, a fugitive member of the Symbionese Liberation Army, was captured in St. Paul,
Minnesota, where she had made a new life under the name Sara Jane Olson.