DETROIT (AP) — The heat wave that has been roasting much of the U.S. in recent days is just getting
warmed up, with temperatures expected to soar to dangerous levels through the weekend.
Communities are preparing by offering buildings as cooling centers and asking residents to check in on
relatives and neighbors. Officials also are concerned about smog, which is exacerbated by the heat and
makes it more difficult for certain people to breathe, including the very young, the elderly and people
with asthma or lung diseases.
More than 100 local heat records are expected to fall Saturday, according to the National Weather
Service. Most won’t be record-daily highs but record-high nighttime lows, and that lack of cooling can
be dangerous, meteorologists say. Temperatures in parts of the East won’t drop below the mid- to
upper-70s or even 80 degrees (26.7 Celsius) at night, he said.
The heat wave will likely be "short and searing," said Greg Carbin, forecast branch chief for
the weather service’s Weather Prediction Center.
A high pressure system stretching from coast-to-coast is keeping the heat turned on. The heat and
humidity are made to feel worse by the large amount of moisture in the air coming from the Gulf of
Mexico, much of it left over from Hurricane Barry.
The heat index, which is what the temperature feels like, should hit 110 (43.3 Celsius) in Washington,
D.C., on Saturday and 109 (42.8 Celsius) in Chicago and Detroit on Friday, said Jeff Masters,
meteorology director of Weather Underground. Wednesday marked Washington’s seventh straight day with
temperatures of at least 90 degrees (32.2 Celsius), and that streak was expected to last for another
An experimental weather service forecast projects that nearly 100 local records will be broken Thursday
and Friday in Texas, Oklahoma, parts of the Midwest and a large swath of the East Coast. On Saturday,
101 records could fall in an area stretching from Texas to Iowa and east to Maine and Florida, according
Deloris Knight said she will keep the heat out of her eastside Detroit home by keeping her doors and
curtains closed while running the small window air conditioner in her living room.
"We have a couple of big fans. We have ceiling fans," Knight, 63, said Wednesday while enjoying
temperatures in the mid-80s (about 29 degrees Celsius) from her front porch. "I keep lemonade and
gallons of frozen water in the refrigerator. At night, we’re in the house."
Even that may not provide enough relief for some, especially for young children, the elderly or people
with certain chronic illnesses.
The Environmental Protection Agency’s live air quality tracker reported that the air was
"unhealthy" Wednesday for sensitive groups in a stretch of the East Coast from Baltimore to
Bridgeport, Connecticut, including Philadelphia and New York City.
Such heat can be deadly. Over three days in July 1995, more than 700 people died during a heat wave in
Chicago as temperatures rose above 97 degrees (36.1 Celsius). Many of the dead were poor, elderly and
"Daytime hours when the sun is out is clearly our highest risk periods," said Dr. Michael
Kaufmann, EMS medical director with the Indiana Department of Homeland Security. "We’re not
expecting the drops in temperature at night — or the humidity — that we often realize when the sun goes
Roger Axe, who heads the emergency management agency in Indiana’s Greene County, said he has asked
churches and other organizations to open their doors as "possible lifesaving cooling centers."
Officials in the Detroit suburb of Westland will keep the police station lobby and one of its fire
stations open around the clock. The Chicago suburb of Orland Park also opened its police station as its
primary 24-hour cooling center.
Kelly Boeckman, 31, and Taylor Knoll, 28, met Wednesday morning — when the heat was still bearable — to
chat at a patio table in downtown Jefferson City, Missouri. Both have young children and said they are
careful to keep them hydrated and protected from the heat.
"We definitely aren’t doing outside activities for the afternoon and evening, even though they want
to sometimes," said Boeckman, who has 6-year-old twins and a 3 year old. They’re "playing
early, (getting) lots of water and hydration, (and) staying in the shade when we are outside."
Steve Owen, a 54-year-old bus driver from Roeland Park, Kansas, dumped water on his head to stay cool
Wednesday while waiting to pick up a day care group from the local pool.
"I’m usually revived and feeling much better," he said after drenching himself. "That
usually gets me through."
The heat also can take a toll on pets and other animals. Officials at the Brookfield Zoo near Chicago
have spent the past few days preparing.
Blocks of ice weighing about 300 pounds (136 kilograms) were being trucked in for the polar and grizzly
bears, and the zoo planned to give ice cubes to the reindeer. Additional animals were being given access
to indoor quarters starting Thursday.
"The welfare of the animals is our top priority," said zoo spokeswoman Sondra Katzen.
The same is true at the Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago, where some animals have cooling stations in their
enclosures and space off-exhibit where they can go to cool down, said general curator Dave Bernier.
"I don’t expect it to be much change in attendance," he said. "Once they decide they want
to go to the zoo on the weekend, that’s usually where they go."
Science Writer Seth Borenstein reported from Washington. Associated Press writers Summer Ballentine in
Jefferson City, Missouri, and Heather Hollingsworth in Roeland Park, Kansas, contributed to this report.