NASA: ‘There’s your new spacecraft, America!"

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — NASA’s new Orion spacecraft made a "bull’s-eye" Pacific splashdown
Friday following a dramatic journey 3,604 miles beyond Earth. The achievement opens a new era of human
exploration aimed at putting people on Mars.

The unmanned, 4½-hour test flight set at least one record: flying farther and faster than any capsule
built for humans since the Apollo moon program.

"There’s your new spacecraft, America," Mission Control commentator Rob Navias said as the
Orion capsule neared the water 270 miles off Mexico’s Baja peninsula.

NASA is counting on future Orions to carry astronauts beyond Earth’s orbit in the decades ahead, to
asteroids and ultimately the grand prize: Mars.

The lead flight director, Mike Sarafin, was emotional as he signed off from Houston.

"We challenged our best and brightest to continue to lead in space," Sarafin said. "While
this was an unmanned mission, we were all on board Orion."

The agency quickly reported positive results: Not only did the capsule arrive intact, all the parachutes
deployed and onboard computers withstood the intense radiation of the Van Allen belts surrounding Earth.

The capsule reached a peak altitude more than 14 times farther from our planet than the International
Space Station. No spacecraft designed for astronauts had gone so far since Apollo 17 — NASA’s final moon
shot — 42 years ago.

NASA needed to send Orion that high in order to set the crew module up for a 20,000-mph, 4,000-degree
entry. That was considered the most critical part of the entire flight — testing the largest of its kind
heat shield for survival before humans climb aboard.

In 11 minutes, Orion slowed from 20,000 mph to 20 mph at splashdown, its final descent aided by eight
parachutes deployed in sequence. A crew on board would have endured as much as 8.2 Gs, or 8.2 times the
force of Earth gravity, double the Gs of a returning Russian Soyuz capsule, according to NASA.

Earth shrank from view through Orion’s capsule window during its trip out to space, and stunning images
were relayed back home. Its return was recorded by an unmanned drone flying over the recovery zone,
providing more spectacular views. Helicopters then relayed images of the crew module bobbing in the
water. Three of the five air bags deployed properly, enough to keep the capsule floating upright.

The U.S. Navy pulled up in a pair of ships to recover the spacecraft and transport it to San Diego, 630
miles away. Orion ended up just 1½ miles from the predicted splashdown spot. Only two of the parachutes
could be recovered.

Once ashore, Orion will be transported by truck back to Cape Canaveral, just in time for Christmas.

It’s supposed to soar again in 2017 in a launch abort test, followed by a second Orion heading to space
in 2018 aboard the megarocket under development by NASA. Officials expect it will be at least seven
years from now — 2021 — before Orion carries people, given present budget constraints.

Orion’s debut was intended to be brief — just two laps around Earth, shorter than even John Glenn’s
orbital achievement in 1962.

NASA is now "one step closer" to putting humans aboard Orion, said NASA Administrator Charles
Bolden Jr. He called it "Day One of the Mars era."

Earlier Friday, everything went NASA’s way as the powerful Delta IV rocket lifted Orion into orbit.

The atmosphere was reminiscent of the shuttle-flying days, but considerably more upbeat than that last
mission in 2011.

Astronaut Rex Walheim was aboard the final shuttle flight and joined dozens of space fliers on hand for
this historic send-off. He talked up Orion’s future in sending crews to Mars and the importance of
becoming what he called "a multi-planetary species."

The Orion would be supplemented with habitats for Mars trips, which would take eight months using current
rockets. NASA hopes improving technology will speed the journey.

"You have that excitement back here at the Kennedy Space Center and it’s tinged with even more
excitement with what’s coming down the road," Walheim said.

Orion’s team got a shout-out from the team handling Curiosity, the rover now on Mars. "Congrats
#Orion! We’re one step closer to bootprints next to these rover tracks," said their tweet, which
was posted with a picture of one of the rover’s treaded wheels on the dusty red surface.

In Houston, NASA’s Mission Control led the entire operation once Orion was aloft, allowing the spacecraft
to fly essentially on autopilot, although veterans of shuttle flights could have intervened if
necessary.

The spacecraft was rigged with 1,200 sensors to gauge everything from heat to vibration to radiation. At
11 feet tall with a 16.5-foot base, Orion is bigger than the old-time Apollo capsules and, obviously,
more advanced. It could carry four astronauts, one more than Apollo, on long treks, six on relatively
short voyages of three weeks.

NASA deliberately kept astronauts off this first Orion.

Managers wanted to test the riskiest parts of the spacecraft — the heat shield, parachutes, various
jettisoning components — before committing to a crew.

This Orion — serial number 001 — lacked seats, cockpit displays and life-support equipment, but brought
along bundles of toys and memorabilia: bits of moon dust; the crew patch worn by Sally Ride, America’s
first spacewoman; a Capt. James Kirk doll owned by "Star Trek" actor William Shatner.

Lockheed Martin Corp. already has begun work on a second Orion and plans to build a fleet of the
capsules. An asteroid redirected to lunar orbit is intended for the first stop in the 2020s, followed by
Mars in the 2030s.

The company handled the $370 million test flight for NASA, opting for the Delta IV, the most powerful
unmanned rocket in the U.S. right now. The entire rocket and capsule, topped by a launch abort tower,
stretched 242 feet and weighed 1.6 million pounds — an "incredible monster," according to
Bolden.

To push Orion farther out on future flights, NASA is developing the Space Launch System or SLS,
megarocket. The first Orion-SLS combo will fly around 2018, again without a crew to shake out the
rocket, although it will be capable of carrying four astronauts on long hauls and as many as six on
three-week hikes.

Bolden, a former astronaut and now NASA’s No. 1, called Mars "the ultimate destination of this
generation," but said his three young granddaughters think otherwise, telling him, "Don’t get
hung up on Mars because there are other places to go once we get there."

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Associated Press reporter Alex Sanz contributed to this report from Cape Canaveral.

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Previous versions of this story misspelled the name of Chris Tarkenton, who traveled from Virginia to
observe.

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Online:

NASA: http://www.nasa.gov/orion/

Lockheed Martin: http://www.lockheedmartin.com/us/ssc/orion-

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