Today in History: 12-22-14

Today is Monday, Dec. 22, the 356th day of 2014. There are nine days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History: On Dec. 22, 1944, during the World War II Battle of the Bulge, U.S. Brig.
Gen. Anthony C. McAuliffe rejected a German demand for surrender, writing "Nuts!" in his
official reply.
On this date:
In 1864, during the Civil War, Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman said in a message to President Abraham
Lincoln: "I beg to present you as a Christmas-gift the city of Savannah."
In 1894, French army officer Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason in a court-martial that triggered
worldwide charges of anti-Semitism. (Dreyfus was eventually vindicated.)
In 1910, a fire lasting more than 26 hours broke out at the Chicago Union Stock Yards; 21 firefighters
were killed in the collapse of a burning building.
In 1937, the first, center tube of the Lincoln Tunnel connecting New York City and New Jersey beneath the
Hudson River was opened to traffic. (The second tube opened in 1945, the third in 1957.)
In 1977, three dozen people were killed when a 250-foot-high grain elevator at the Continental Grain
Company plant in Westwego, Louisiana, exploded.
In 1984, New York City resident Bernhard Goetz shot and wounded four youths on a Manhattan subway,
claiming they were about to rob him.
In 1989, Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu, the last of Eastern Europe’s hard-line Communist rulers,
was toppled from power in a popular uprising.
In 2001, Richard C. Reid, a passenger on an American Airlines flight from Paris to Miami, tried to ignite
explosives in his shoes, but was subdued by flight attendants and fellow passengers. (Reid is serving a
life sentence in federal prison.)