Today in History: 10-18-14

Today is Saturday, Oct. 18, the 291st day of 2014. There are 74 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Oct. 18, 1767, the Mason-Dixon line, the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, was set as
astronomer Charles Mason and surveyor Jeremiah Dixon completed their survey.
On this date:
In 1685, King Louis XIV signed the Edict of Fontainebleau, revoking the Edict of Nantes that had
established legal toleration of France’s Protestant population, the Huguenots.
In 1867, the United States took formal possession of Alaska from Russia.
In 1892, the first long-distance telephone line between New York and Chicago was officially opened (it
could only handle one call at a time).
In 1931, inventor Thomas Alva Edison died in West Orange, New Jersey, at age 84.
In 1944, Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia during World War II.
In 1962, James D. Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins were honored with the Nobel Prize for
Medicine and Physiology for determining the double-helix molecular structure of DNA.
In 1969, the federal government banned artificial sweeteners known as cyclamates (SY’-kluh-maytz) because
of evidence they caused cancer in laboratory rats.
In 1972, Congress passed the Clean Water Act, overriding President Richard Nixon’s veto.
In 1977, West German commandos stormed a hijacked Lufthansa jetliner on the ground in Mogadishu, Somalia,
freeing all 86 hostages and killing three of the four hijackers.
Today’s Birthdays: Rock-and-roll performer Chuck Berry is 88. Sportscaster Keith Jackson is 86. College
and Pro Football Hall of Famer Mike Ditka is 75. Actor Joe Morton is 67. Actress Pam Dawber is 64.
Author Terry McMillan is 63. Writer-producer Chuck Lorre is 62. Gospel singer Vickie Winans is 61.
Director-screenwriter David Twohy is 59. International Tennis Hall of Famer Martina Navratilova is 58.
Boxer Thomas Hearns is 56. Actor Jean-Claude Van Damme is 54. Jazz musician Wynton Marsalis is 53.
Country singer Josh Gracin is 34. Olympic gold medal skier Lindsey Vonn is 30. Actor Zac Efron is 27.