Today in History: 09-05-14

Today is Friday, Sept. 5, the 248th day of 2014. There are 117 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:  On September 5, 1914, the First Battle of the Marne, resulting in a
French-British victory over Germany, began during World War I.
On this date:
In 1774, the first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.
In 1793, the Reign of Terror began during the French Revolution as the National Convention instituted
harsh measures to repress counter-revolutionary activities.
In 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.
In 1864, voters in Louisiana approved a new state constitution abolishing slavery.
In 1913, fire devastated Hot Springs, Arkansas, destroying some 60 blocks.
In 1939, four days after war had broken out in Europe, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a
proclamation declaring U.S. neutrality in the conflict.
In 1957, the novel "On the Road," by Jack Kerouac, was first published by Viking Press.
In 1972, the Palestinian group Black September attacked the Israeli Olympic delegation at the Munich
Games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the resulting siege.
In 1975, President Gerald R. Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a
disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, California.
In 1984, the space shuttle Discovery ended its inaugural flight as it landed at Edwards Air Force Base in
In 1997, breaking the royal reticence over the death of Princess Diana, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II
delivered a televised address in which she called her former daughter-in-law "a remarkable
person." Mother Teresa died in Calcutta, India, at age 87.
Five years ago: Top finance officials from rich and developing countries agreed during a meeting in
London to curb hefty bankers’ bonuses and maintain stimulus measures such as extra government spending
and low interest rates to boost the global economy.
One year ago: President Barack Obama, in St. Petersburg for a G-20 summit, pressed fellow world leaders
to support a U.S. strike on Syria; however, he encountered opposition from Russia, China and even the
European Union, who said it was too soon for military action.