Kerry: Syrian moderate rebels could help in Iraq

JEDDAH, Saudi Arabia (AP) — Secretary of State John Kerry signaled on Friday that the U.S. hopes to
enlist moderate Syrian opposition fighters that the Obama administration has reluctantly decided to arm
and train in the battle against militant extremists in neighboring Iraq.
Obama sent Congress a $500 million request Thursday for a Pentagon-run program that would significantly
expand previous covert efforts to arm rebels fighting both the Sunni extremists and forces loyal to
Syrian President Bashar Assad. The move that comes amid increased U.S. concern that the conflicts in
Syria and Iraq are becoming an intertwined fight against the same Sunni extremist group.
If approved by lawmakers, the program would in effect open a second front in the fight against militants
with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL, that is spilling over Syria’s border and
threatening to overwhelm Iraq.
"Obviously, in light of what has happened in Iraq, we have even more to talk about in terms of the
moderate opposition in Syria, which has the ability to be a very important player in pushing back
against ISIL’s presence and to have them not just in Syria, but also in Iraq," Kerry said at the
start of a meeting with Syrian opposition leader Ahmad al-Jarba.
A senior State Department official traveling with Kerry later said the secretary did not mean to imply
that Syrian rebels would actually cross the border to fight in Iraq. The official was not authorized to
brief reporters by name and spoke on condition of anonymity.
Al-Jarba thanked the Obama administration for requesting the $500 million, but said his rebels want even
more foreign aid to fight two fronts: a bloody insurgency and their so-far unsuccessful effort to oust
Assad.
"We still need greater assistance," al-Jarba said, speaking through a translator. "We hope
for greater cooperation with the U.S." He said General Abdullah al-Bashir, the head of the military
wing of the Syrian opposition, "is ready to cooperate with the U.S. side."
Al-Jarba called the crisis that has gripped Iraq in the last month "very grave" and blamed
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki for policies that he said have divided the country. Iraq is 60
percent Shiite, and the rest nearly evenly split between minority Sunnis and Kurds. Iraqi Sunnis, who
enjoyed far greater privileges during Saddam Hussein’s regime, have decried al-Maliki’s leadership and
accused him of sidelining minority groups from power.
"The borders between Iraq and Syria are practically open," al-Jarba told Kerry. ISIL seized a
key border crossing between Iraq and Syria in the last week.
Kerry traveled through the Mideast over the last week to try to broker a political agreement with Iraqi
leaders to give more authority to Sunnis in hopes of easing sectarian tensions and, in turn, help quell
the dominantly Sunni insurgency.
Kerry also met with King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, where it was expected he would seek the monarch’s help
in supporting Sunni efforts to combat the Sunni insurgency. More than 90 percent of Saudi Arabians are
Sunni Muslims.
Obama has long been reluctant to arm the Syrian opposition, in part because of concerns that weapons may
fall into extremist hands, a risk that appears to have only heightened now that ISIL has strengthened.
But Obama’s request to Congress appeared to indicate that tackling the crumbling security situation in
Syria and Iraq trumped those concerns.
White House spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said the military assistance "marks another step toward
helping the Syrian people defend themselves against regime attacks, push back against the growing number
of extremists like ISIL who find safe haven in the chaos, and take their future into their own hands by
enhancing security and stability at local levels."
The Syria program is part of a broader, $65.8 billion overseas operations request that the administration
sent to Capitol Hill on Thursday. The package includes $1 billion to help stabilize nations bordering
Syria that are struggling with the effects of the civil war. It also formalizes a request for a
previously announced $1 billion to strengthen the U.S. military presence in Central and Eastern Europe
amid Russia’s threatening moves in Ukraine.
With ISIL gaining strength, U.S. officials say Assad’s forces launched airstrikes on extremist targets
inside Iraq on Monday. The U.S. is also weighing targeted strikes against ISIL in Iraq, creating an odd
alignment with one of Washington’s biggest foes.
Obama has ruled out sending U.S. troops back into combat in Iraq. But he has dispatched nearly 600 U.S.
forces in and around Iraq to train local forces and secure the American Embassy in Baghdad and other
U.S. interests.
The White House has been hinting for weeks that Obama was preparing to step up assistance to the Syrian
rebels. In a commencement speech at West Point on May 28, he said that by helping those fighting for a
free Syria, "we also push back against the growing number of extremists who find safe haven in the
chaos."
Officials said the administration would coordinate with Congress and regional players on the specific
types of training and assistance the U.S. would provide the opposition. One potential option would be to
base U.S. personnel in Jordan and conduct the training there.
The Senate Armed Services Committee already has approved a version of the sweeping defense policy bill
authorizing the Defense Department to provide "equipment, supplies, training and defense
services" to elements of the Syrian opposition that have been screened. The Senate could act on the
bill before its August recess.
In addition to the covert train-and-equip mission, the U.S. also has provided nearly $287 million in
nonlethal assistance to the moderate opposition.
The military program would be supplemented by $1 billion in assistance to Syria’s neighbors — Jordan,
Lebanon, Turkey and Iraq — to help them deal with an influx of refugees and the threat of extremists
spilling over their borders.